Ceremonial Cap, Klamath River groups (Hupa, Yurok, Karuk)-very likely Hupa or Yurok
early 20th Century
3 in. x 7 1/2 in. (7.62 cm x 19.05 cm)
North America, United States, NW California
Medium and Support:
Hazel or willow warp shoots; conifer root weft; bear grass and maidenhair fern overlay material
Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Suren H. Babington
Size: 7 ½ in diameter, this hat is a little bigger, the right size to be worn
Technique: Twined basket. Half twist overlay, no overlay materials visible on interior and interior is nicely cleaned. Dominantly bear grass overlay with maidenhair for the bold design element. The overlay is shiny and clean, well prepared maidenhair.
Design: Looks like another version of the flint (in Yurok VEniigemaa) and snake design on page 126-130. 3 flint designs, very classic looking. Lifelines and divisions in design also present.
Structure: It has some wear and staining that make it appear older and more worn. This weaver was incredible, it is a fine and tight weave, super well done. The top is flat and straight with no warping at the button, as is pretty common. No visible hairs in this one. The edging is clipped and even, with some slight damage at one part of the rim.
Cultural affiliation notes: A classic Hupa, Yurok, and/or Karuk ceremonial cap, most likely Hupa or Yurok.
Citation: Kroeber, Alfred L. “Basket Designs of the Indians of Northwestern California.” University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 2, no. 4 (1905): 105-164
Jesse Dutton-Kenny, Visiting Researcher, October 26th - 27th & 29th - 30th, 2020
This object was included in the following exhibitions: