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George Grosz

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George Grosz

German, (1893–1959)
George Grosz was a German artist and member of the New Objectivity movement. The artist’s paintings, drawings, and prints critiqued the politics and society of his day with incisive humor. His best-known artworks were depictions of the dark side of German metropolitan life at the time. Born Georg Ehrenfried Groß on July 26, 1893 in Berlin, Germany, Grosz studied at the Dresden Academy of Art where he honed his drawing skills. Moving back to Berlin in 1911, the artist changed his name in protest of the rampant German nationalism he perceived around him. Alongside his peers Otto Dix and Max Beckmann, Grosz began commenting on injustices and grotesque aspects of Berlin with works such as Explosion (1917) and The Pillars of Society (1926). Emigrating to the United States in 1933, he barely escaped Germany before Hitler became Chancellor. Seeing the devastation of both World War I and II disheartened the artist, and his work shifted towards a softer style through the following decades.

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