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Camille Pissarro

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Camille Pissarro

French, (1830–1903)
Camille Pissarro was a Danish-French painter celebrated for his influence on Impressionism and Post-Impressionism. By alternating broken brushstrokes with thick passages of paint, Pissarro created atmospheric conditions and built up forms, fixing his gaze onto farms, quiet towns, and the bustling streets of Paris. Born Jacob Abraham Camille Pissarro on July 10, 1830 on the island of St. Thomas in the Danish West Indies (present-day US Virgin Islands) to a Jewish-Portuguese family, he was sent to boarding school in France as a 12 year old boy. Returning to St. Thomas at 17, he attempted to join his father’s business while also continuing to draw and paint. Returning to Paris in 1855, he abandoned his former life and enrolled in the studio of Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, and later attended the Académie Suisse where he befriended the younger artist Paul Cézanne. During the Franco-Prussian War he fled to London, where he met Claude Monet and was influenced by the works of John Constable and Joseph Mallord William Turner he saw in museums. Upon returning to France, Pissarro helped organize the first show dedicated to Impressionist works, marking a pivotal moment in European art.

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