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Klamath woven basket, Northeast/inland style

1931
20th Century
11 1/2 in. x 23 in. (29.21 cm x 58.42 cm)

Native American, Native American

Object Type: Baskets
Creation Place: North America, United States
Medium and Support: Possibly willow or sumac with Conifer root weft. Bear grass and fern for the overlay.
Credit Line: Gift of Mills College President Aurelia Henry Reinhardt
Accession Number: 1932.17
Technique: Twined basket with a full-twist overlay (design in fully visible on interior and exterior). Specifically, I read (see citation) that a basket just like this would use two element s-twining with plain three element s-twining at the start. It’s very strong and sturdy, probably a sumac warp? Possibly sumac wrapped around the edge too? It’s twined with a bear grass overlay and fern used for the designs.

Design: The central portion looks like a variation on the wax’poo or friendship design combined with one of the stripe or snake patterns (since it zig zags), very similar to 1969.71 design. Would be god to relate these two somehow. The design looks exactly like the basket on page 33 from the Bowers Museum (see citation).

Structure: The structural elements are also so similar to 1969.71, and that one was FIC but they’re so similar in design that it could maybe be from the same accession or community? I would likely classify this one as a cooking basket. It’s plenty big enough and has a big wide opening for cooking. There is also and there is lots of residue inside, which looks like the residue from the acorn soup bowl in the collection. It’s SO strong and sturdy, which it would need to be if it is a cooking basket. Cooking would be done by putting for example, the acorn mush mixture in the basket, heating up very hot stones over a fire and then adding them to the mixture and stirring so as not to burn the basket with the hot stones. I think it’s more likely cooking usage than storage due to the wide mouth (the opposite shape, teardrop tapered in at the top, used in many storage baskets in Northern CA). There is some slight damage to the rim.

Cultural affiliation notes: The record just says Klamath and there is some ambiguity here about whether that means lower Klamath River groups like the Hupa, Yurok, and Karuk - or NE California Klamath region groups like the Klamath/Modoc, Pit River, Shasta, etc. This is very much more in the inland style in my view. Could still say “Klamath” but specify Northeast/inland style.

Citation: Rozaire, Charles (curator). Indian Basketry of Western North America, from the collection of the Bowers Museum. Los Angeles: Brooke House, 1977.

Jesse Dutton-Kenny, Visiting Researcher, October 26th - 27th & 29th - 30th, 2020

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