Cap, Basketry Klamath "region" (inland NE California, Oregon border area) Klamath, Modoc, Pit River (Astsrawi)
4 in. x 7 1/2 in. (10.16 cm x 19.05 cm)
North America, United States, NE California, Oregon border
Medium and Support:
Possibly Tule warp with Conifer root weft. Bear grass and fern for the overlay.
Gift of S. O. Johnson
Technique: Twined basket. Full twist overlay. Overlay is fully visible on the interior and the interior is much rougher than on many other hats. Likely conifer root base weft with bear grass overlay. The darker overlay material is the style of maidenhair fern, but is not shiny enough. It is likely another fern or a dyed root.
Design: Striped design less commonly seen, not as “fancy.” 1948.36 looks like it could be the very simple design shown on Kroeber page 129-131 called xurip by the Karuk, or striped design. In Yurok it is vetseqlseqloaa. On page 132 Kroeber describes more of the simpler geometric lines and dash patterns.
Structure: There are hairs stuck in the weaving on the interior.
Cultural affiliation notes: This does not look Hupa, Yurok, Karuk, though there are similar design and material conventions. The start/center/button is too different, it’s quite a bit deeper than expected for their hats. The black overlay material is also different, and the edge finishing is different. The weave is rougher too, not as fine. It’s likely from a nearby but more inland community like Klamath/Modoc, Astarawi, etc.
Citation: Kroeber, Alfred L. “Basket Designs of the Indians of Northwestern California.” University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 2, no. 4 (1905): 105-164.
Jesse Dutton-Kenny, Visiting Researcher, October 26th - 27th & 29th - 30th, 2020