Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (April 26, 1798 - August 13, 1863) was a French painter and lithographer working in the Romantic style. Delacroix is known as the leader of the French Romantic movement and is considered to be one of the last Old Masters of painting.
Delacroix was accepted into the 1822 Paris Salon opening with his painting The Barque of Dante. The painting itself inspired conflicting opinions among critics, and yet it proved to be quite the profitable success. Later working during the Second French Revolution, otherwise known as the July Revolution, Delacroix created one of his most famous paintings: Liberty Leading the People, 1830. Stylistically the painting reflects key elements of Delacroix’s style, including a departure from the prevailing Neoclassical style of academic art, choosing instead to represent this symbolically reimagined historical event with fluidity of movement and dramatic realism.
Delacroix was influenced greatly by the sensuous and dynamic molding of figures in Peter Paul Rubens’ works and the strong emphasis on color present in Venetian Renaissance painting. His own methods of painting had a strong influence on later movements such as the Impressionists, such as his expressive brushstrokes and accentuation of the optics of light and color.