Josef Scharl was German born painter and graphic designer. Scharl trained as a decorative painter at the Munich School of Painters, where he gained practical experience in the restoration of paintings and attended evening classes. In 1915 he was drafted into military service. War injuries and a temporary paralysis of his right arm forced him to remain in various military hospitals until 1918. Back in Munich he could finally begin studying at the Kunstakademie in 1919 and began working as an independent artist in 1921. He joined the artist groups 'Neue Sezession' and the 'Juryfreien' and successfully participated in their exhibitions. The Nazis did not like his work and banned him from painting. Scharl's emigration plans were enforced by an invitation of the Museum of Modern Art in New York to take part in an international exhibition together with Beckmann, Scholz, Heckel and Hofer and in 1939 he emigrated to the USA.