José Clemente Orozco
Clemente Orozco (born November 23, 1883 - September 7, 1949) was a Mexican painter, muralist, and caricaturist influenced by the Symbolist movement. Orozco is best known for his political murals that established the Mexican Mural Renaissance together with other famous muralists such as Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siquerios.
At a young age Orozco became interested in José Guadalupe Posada’s political cartoons and was inspired to enroll in drawing classes. Although he tragically had his left hand amputated after a firework accident in 1904, Orozco continued to pursue a career in art. He worked as a caricature artist for different newspapers, mostly focusing on those suffering from social inequity and destitution.
Between 1922 and 1948, Orozco created murals in Mexico City, Orizaba, Guadalajara, Michoacan, California, New York, Pennsylvania, and New Hampshire. Orozco’s complex murals are centered in human suffering, colonization, power dynamics, industrialization, and promoted the political causes of peasants and workers.