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Joan Miró

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Joan Miró

Spanish, (1893–1983)
Joan Miró i Ferrà (April 20, 1893 - December 25, 1983) was a Spanish painter and sculptor associated with the Surrealist movement. Though his works at times veered into Fauvism and Expressionism, Miró’s interest in the subconscious mind and rejection of traditional painting methods that favored the bourgeois earned him the title of Surrealist. Fellow Surrealist Andre Breton, the founder of the movement, remarked that Miró’s arrival in Paris in the early 1920s was “an important stage in the development of Surrealist art.” His painting The Hunter (Catalan Landscape) (1923-24) showcases his signature blend of the real and the imaginary, abstraction and figuration, and image and text that would come to define his work. While creating The Birth of the World (1925), Miró strove to give free reign to the unconscious as he sought to create a new pictorial language. As an important figure in Catalan history, a museum dedicated to his work, the Fundació Joan Miró, was established in his birthplace of Barcelona in 1975.

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