Paul Cézanne (January 19, 1839 - October 22, 1906) was a French Post-Impressionist painter whose contributions to visual art paved the way for such twentieth-century avant-garde movements as Cubism and Fauvism. His unique blend of distorted perspective—which is perhaps most notable in works such as The Basket of Apples (c. 1893)—and building form with color led both Picasso and Matisse to remark that Cézanne was “the father of us all.”
Born in Aix-en-Provence, France, Cézanne moved to Paris in 1861 where he studied the works of Titian and Rubens in the Louvre and attended drawing classes at the Académie Suisse. Despite facing rejection from salons and other major art institutions, Cézanne received wide acclaim for his work during his lifetime. He is credited with establishing Modernism with his individualistic, subversive style.
Cézanne died on October 22, 1906 in his hometown of Aix-en-Provence, France.